Politicians talk about the uninsured. Special interests argue on behalf of those with pre-existing conditions. But why is no one wondering how doctors are affected by the new law? They’re the ones on the frontlines dealing directly with new patients, as well as the red tape that makes bureaucracies go round.
Politicians proclaim the benefits of small business while on the campaign trail. But when they meet in the seedy halls of Congress, they have no problem doing whatever they can to stifle, regulate, and subdue their progress. Instead of siding with entrepreneurs, these politicians often side with political allies and cronies that helped put them into office.
Just because you’re retired doesn’t mean you have to stop working. Especially now that you have all the time in the world to do what you really want. Entrepreneurs don’t only come out of Silicon Valley. They come from all walks of life, from all different ages. If you’re retired and want to stay active while you relax, then find out the steps you need to take in order to start, manage, and grow your next small business.
Austrian economics does more than tell you what happens when the government disturbs market forces. In the hands of knowledgeable investors and entrepreneurs, it can tell you exactly what to expect from the market. Market behavior depends on how people behave. And how people behave is central to the Austrian perspective.
The U.S. dollar has been the world's reserve currency for almost a century, and already there are signs it may be in decline. But that doesn't mean it's not still valuable. On the contrary... As Chris Mayer explains, there are many reasons the U.S. dollar will remain relevant on the world stage for years to come. Read on...
World War II might have dragged the country out of the Great Depression, but it did so at a great price. Central planning took center stage, and politicans and bureaucrats suddenly knew what was best for America, the economy, and your life. On top of that, they replaced the free market with a new economic system… Creditism.
If you’re good at something should you be penalized so others have a chance at success? Should award winning actors and actresses be barred from future Oscar ceremonies to give other men and women the chance to succeed? Success should always be rewarded and encouraged. But what happens when you have a government that wants to even the playing field and take away the spoils of success. Gregory Bresiger finds out...
Practical people often pooh-pooh fiction reading as a time wasting dalliance, dominated by a Marxist coloring of the world. However, fiction readers were given a scientific reason recently for spending hours absorbing fanciful figments of someone’s imagination.
Argentina is suffering the ravages of government debasement of the currency -- i.e., inflation, the process by which government pays for its ever-increasing debts and bills by simply printing more paper currency. The expanded money supply results in a lower value of everyone’s money, which is reflected in the rising prices of the things that money buys.
When government expansion is allowed to continue unabated or when it casts a heavy regulatory shadow on America’s entrepreneurial spirit, the freedoms that we’ve come to know, and perhaps take for granted, slowly begin to slip away.
Its acceptance is as widespread as its justification is important, for it provides the rationale for the Federal Reserve’s unprecedented monetary expansion since 2008. While critics may dispute the wealth effect’s magnitude, few have challenged its conceptual soundness. Such is the purpose of this article. The wealth effect is but a mantra without merit.
Baron Rothschild, the famous French financier, was once heard to say that he knew of only two men who really understood money -- an obscure clerk in the Bank of France and one of the directors of the Bank of England. “Unfortunately,” he added, “they disagree.”
The new reality of Obamacare’s tax credits has left finance reporters to pen articles warning readers to “take care” when considering a tax credit and providing strategies for how best to “protect yourself.” So what do finance reporters know that the White House doesn’t?
Nihilo ex nihilo fit. Out of nothing, nothing comes. First put forward by ancient Greek philosopher Parmenides in the fifth century B.C., Thomas Aquinas and St. Augustine later used this axiom to prove that the universe needed a “first mover” to get things going. Even if the whole thing began with some kind of “Big Bang” moment, it still needed a banger to bang it. Who? God, of course.
Economic theories don’t lend themselves to laboratory testing, so the work of a national appraisal firm is especially enlightening. A new study lends support to the Austrian business cycle theory, which says that the less government is involved, the faster a market will recover.
What positive steps can we take? The energy that is now expended by well intentioned, freedom-seeking individuals on the destructive course of politics can be turned into powerful steps that will have a positive effect on the future. All are moral, right and just. None require aggressing. Consider the following...
The Affordable Care Act creates a new health insurance marketplace (the exchange). But because of the great uncertainty about what buyers will enter the market and who will buy what product, the law creates three vehicles to reduce insurance company risk.
Politicians and bureaucrats are notorious for manufacturing euphemisms -- clever but deceptive substitutes for what they really mean but don’t want to admit. That’s how the phrase “revenue enhancement” entered the vocabulary. Some of our courageous friends in government couldn’t bring themselves to say “tax hike.”
It’s easy to be negative about the U.S. economy these days. Find a glint of silver, and folks come running to point out all of the dark clouds looming about. This, of course, is what we got last week when the monthly jobs report was released from the U.S. Department of Labor (DOL). Folks pooh-poohed the number of jobs and whining that they’re not enough or that it’s less than a bunch of economists thought that it might be. But you know what? Stuff ’em.
Facts are easy. You can check facts. What supporters of the Affordable Care Act are doing, on the other hand, transcends factual bungling. It’s far more advanced: a warping of reality so debauched it looks like something out of a tale by H.P. Lovecraft.
The east coast and parts of the southern U.S. were to varying degrees paralyzed by blizzards a few weeks ago. The snow as expected rendered the roads treacherous, and in anticipation of slick streets, shoppers flocked to the grocery stores in advance.The rush into grocery stores, and its aftermath, offers worthwhile lessons in economics.First up, […]
The highest form of charity, argued the 12th-century Jewish philosopher Maimonides, is when the help given enables the receiver to become self-sufficient.But our systems of state charity — aka welfare — have too frequently had the opposite effect: They have actually created dependency. It is time to rethink the way we help people.I’m going to […]
Last year was quite the year for Bitcoin. We’ve seen exponential growth in Bitcoin’s exchange rate and extensive coverage in the media. Another phenomenon we have witnessed is the proliferation of alternative cryptocurrencies, five of which we’ve provided below.What all of these cryptocurrencies have in common is that they rely on a decentralized network to […]
President Obama crowed in his State of the Union speech about the economy, even mentioning “a rebounding housing market.” Maybe he was referring to friends in high places, like the seller of Penthouse One in New York, which just closed for $50.9 million, all cash. Millions of mere-mortal homeowners likely wanted to throw something at […]
The nonpartisan Congressional Budget Office is acting in a bipartisan way to cover up the biggest single threat to the bipartisan political alliance that is stripping America of its wealth: the United States Congress.There is no question that the following policy is bipartisan. Democrats and Republicans in Congress are completely agreed that the following information […]
Recent difficulties with implementing the Affordable Care Act have increased opposition to the program. A majority of Americans now oppose it. Problems with the HealthCare.gov website are in all likelihood temporary. However, there are serious long-term problems, particularly considering long-term finance and labor supply issues. Given the mounting difficulties with and growing concerns about the […]
The faces of the Detroit bankruptcy are the thousands of pensioners whose promised benefits are suddenly part of the restructure negotiation. When Motown filed for Chapter 9 last July, the city had $11.5 billion in unsecured liabilities. The vast majority of this was pension and health care benefits owed to retired city employees.The images of […]
Interview With Jeffrey Tucker
Jeffrey Tucker is the executive editor of Laissez Faire Books and the founder of the Laissez Faire Club, an online digital society of liberty. He is the author of three books, including, and most famously, Bourbon for Breakfast. He has also written thousands of articles that explore the intersection of economics, literature, and popular culture. He served as editor of Mises.org for the life of the site until 2011, writes a weekly column for the chantcafe.com, is senior fellow at the Acton Institute, and an adjunct scholar of the Mackinac Institute.
Lara-Murphy Report: How did you discover Austrian economics?
Jeffrey Tucker: I was an undergraduate economics major at Texas Tech, loving every class in economics, even though they were all thoroughly Keynesian at the time. My great hope was that economics would reveal the great mysteries of what created wealth and civilization and what causes nations to rise and fall. Economics held out such promise, and I loved the discipline of the whole subject. To me, all economics was pure beauty, rich and rewarding music.
One day I was looking through my roommate’s shelf of books and found Hans Sennholz’s Age of Inflation. I read the whole thing in one sitting. This book amazed me. It was exactly what I had hope to find in the field of economics. The chapter on the Weimar inflation especially riveted me and left me fundamentally changed. I wanted more of this kind of economics. It was so human, accurate, historical, with living and breathing human beings instead of all abstractions all the time. I had fallen in love with a particular approach but didn’t know it at the time.
Then I started to follow footnotes. Within two years, I had read most of Mises, Hayek, and Rothbard that was in print at the time. I lived and breathed the Austrian school and wrote my senior thesis on the gold standard. Slowly, I came around to the political and ethical outlook, dispensing with whatever conservatism I had left in my thinking. Finally, I became friends with Murray and took that giant intellectual leap toward anarchism. It was a big step. It opened up new vistas of understanding. It opens up life itself.
LMR: So you were lucky enough to be friends with Murray Rothbard. Can you share an anecdote that epitomizes what it was like to be around him?
JT: Murray was kind and broad minded, liberal and reckless in the best sense of the term. He was always ready to discover something new. He read everything and he was a constant font of ideas. He was also hilarious. He just loved life so much. I recall hanging around until all hours of the night with him at the Mises University in the early days. It would get to be 2am or even 4am, and somehow you didn’t feel tired.
It was an unusual thing to hang out with Murray. He had this way of extracting every bit of knowledge you had on a subject. It didn’t matter the subject. It could be religion, popular culture, music, politics, history, clothing, food, whatever. He always wanted to know what you knew about it. He would ask questions, react, inspire more thoughts, dig deeper and deeper with such intensity. You really had to be ready to talk and think when you were around him.
I recall once sitting across from him at dinner and he started asking me what I knew about the great Filioque controversy that divided the Eastern and Western versions of the Nicene Creed for the Christian faith back in the 11th century. He pointed out that there was some reason that the East was generally less economically and artistically creative than the West and he wanted to know if I thought it had anything to do with Filioque.
I stupidly said yes. He then wanted to know why. I made up something on the spot about how when the Holy Spirit proceeds from the Son, this adds value to the idea of the Incarnation and therefore underscores the nobility of the human person. At that point, I had exhausted my knowledge (or pretended knowledge) but it wasn’t enough for him. He wanted to know more. He pressed further. He asked about this Church council from the 5th century and that experience in the 6th century, this doctrine from the 8th century and that debate from the 12th. I finally just relented and said, “Murray, I’m so sorry that I don’t know any more than that.”
He seemed sort of disappointed and so we moved to a different subject!
This is how he ended up inspiring so many people to think, rethink, write, research, stay open, and stay radical. He just had a way. No one could ever keep up with him but it wasn’t a contest. He just loved ideas. Ideas were his reality, and everything else seemed superficial by contrast.
I would love to tell more, such as my debate with him over public choice theory. Here he really became emotional. Looking back he was 100% correct about the points he made and I was all wrong. But I think I’ll save that story.
LMR: How did you begin working for the Mises Institute? Can you talk about the Mises Institute’s role in the resurgence of Austrian economics in the last decade?
JT: I was going to journalism school in Washington, D.C., in 1985 and I walked along and saw a sign on a door for the Mises Institute. It was like I heard that music again. I thought, wow, this is amazing, an institute devoted entirely to science and radicalism in the defense of truth and human liberty! I want to work here. I walked in and volunteered for months. Gradually I took on a large and larger role.
I think the main contribution that my work did here over time was in liberating the great texts. We saw that the internet could be used to universalize the wisdom of all the great thinkers. We pushed it all out into the commons, building the largest and most trafficked economics site in the world, one that taught millions to think in a new way. That’s the legacy of the Institute, in my view.
LMR: Can you describe your new position at Laissez Faire Books? What do you see as LFB’s role in the future of liberty?
JT: Agora Financial took over LFB in 2010 and sold off lots of the remaining stock from the analog days. Addison Wiggin was ready to move the institution into the digital age, and on a for-profit model. I was hired on November 1, 2011. We didn’t really know what we were going to do but we did know that the commercial matrix would inspire a level of creativity that the liberty movement was really missing. It was pretty obvious that the university and non-profit models could only be pushed so far. We all had a strong meeting of minds on this. So we got to work on the most important task: thinking.
Gradually the model came to us. Now that we have it, and we are in the black again, new possibilities are emerging by the day. My hope to is liberate the best of the literature during the great 70-year gap of material that appeared between the end of public domain and the beginning of the internet. But that’s just a start. What I hope to do is light a fire in the intellectual world, bringing the power of commerce to the world of ideas as never before.
I love the culture of Agora because every day is new, every day is an opportunity. The company is deeply embedded in the commercial sector, and that means there is a constantly willingness to try new things, to live with today’s ignorance knowing that tomorrow will reveal new things, and to have only one final boss that keeps you rooted in reality and that is the balance sheet. I feel like I’m living what I’ve preached for a lifetime.
LMR: It seems that nowadays, the radical libertarians are among the most pessimistic of social commentators. They’re worried not just about Big Government, but also Big Pharma, Big Ag, Big Oil, etc., etc. Yet in your work, you tend to celebrate the achievements of the market. Is there a real difference of opinion here, or just one of focus?
JT: Well, it’s important to condemn crony capitalism and all the policies that come with it, but not at the expense of seeming to condemn capitalism too. For reasons I’ve never understood, libertarians tend to fall for whatever the popular political rhetoric of our times is: right wing one year and left wing the next year. Now that anti-capitalism is fashionable, too many libertarians have jumped on this rhetorical bandwagon. This is what I’ve detected in the tendency to condemn every existing business that gets beyond a certain size. There is a real danger here. Just because a company benefits from a government policy doesn’t make their commercial dealings all evil. I recall being told that eating at Taco Bell is not libertarian because they have corn chips and corn is subsidized. Statements like that make me crazy.
I marvel at the achievements of the market economy every day, and I’ve stopped being shy about spelling them out. Someone needs to. I find it amazing that we have institutions like Walmart that would have been seen as an impossible dream 100 years ago. It provides everything for everyone at low prices and it strives to be everywhere, serving ever more of humanity. What’s not to like? What’s not to absolutely love?!
I was watching a movie yesterday that was set in the 1890s in England. Some lady was saying that she is a socialist because she favors material progress for the poor and working class. Well, that’s exactly what we’ve seen for the last 120 years but it came not from socialism but from capitalism! Meanwhile, the socialists have turned against the whole idea of material progress, a penchant I find disgusting.
Part of me wishes that the word “socialism” weren’t already taken because I would be happy to call myself that. Material progress for the whole of society is exactly what we favor.
LMR: What’s your long-term prognosis? Will technological and other innovations give the edge to liberty, or the State?
JT: The state cannot win this, and for particular reasons. The state is about physical stuff, borders, coercion, gatekeepers, and the data of the past. These are the only things that make up the ethos of statism. The economy it claims to manage is bound up with physical stuff at a time when reality is migrating from the analog to the digital world. Its bureaucracies know nothing of new ideas or innovation. Its managers are terrified of an increasingly borderless world.
And in contrast to the state, the market and society are about ideas, inspiration, cooperation, and the unknown future. Life itself is always in beta, always about speculation and risk, always grappling with the unknown future, always about finding the new way to accomplish wonderful things. The market taps into that human spirit and that is why it is so innovative and why it keeps making life better and better for everyone. For these reasons, the market will continue to outrun the state, especially in a digital world. The state is a hopeless anachronism. The trajectory of history is systematically bypassing it.